Chemotherapy:

Also known as ‘chemo’, it is the treatment of cancer using anticancer drugs. It may be given alone or in combination called ‘combination therapy’. It may also be given along with radiotherapy.

Radiotherapy:

It is the use of high-energy rays, like x-rays or gamma rays to treat cancer. High doses of radiation is able to destroy cancer cells. It damages the cancer cells over and over again. The cancer cells eventually don’t have time to repair themselves between daily treatments so eventually they die.

Surgery:

Cancer surgery essentially involves complete resection of a cancerous tumor along with any suspicious lymph node.

Surgery can be used by itself to treat the cancer or it can be done alongside with other treatments. Surgery can also help the cancer care team members to:

  • diagnose a cancer
  • stage cancer 
  • Ease symptoms caused by the cancer. (This is called palliative surgery)